By M. Renwik. Alliant International University.
It’s no wonder I feel anxious about being perfect and feel depressed when I’m not 120 mg isoptin fast delivery. There wasn’t a lot of love in my family generic isoptin 40mg online, so I’ve learned to keep my distance from others. I was taught that possessions and status are more important than people, so I’ve invested too much time and effort on getting the things I want. To uncover the origins of your life-lenses in the same way that Hannah did, follow these instructions and complete Worksheets 7-10 and 7-11. Review each life-lens that you rated as 3 or above on your Problematic Life-lens Questionnaire (see Worksheet 7-1). Feel free to look back at Chapter 2 for help with ways of recalling past feelings and events. Jot down anything from your childhood that you believe may have contributed to each of your problematic life-lenses. After you complete this exercise, take some time to reﬂect on any new insights you’ve discovered and record them in Worksheet 7-11. Worksheet 7-10 Childhood Origins of Life-Lenses Lens Opposite Lens Unworthy: Entitled: Abandonment-fearful: Intimacy-avoidant: Inadequate: Perfectionistic: Guilty and blameworthy: Guiltless: Chapter 7: Correcting Your Life-Lenses: A New Vision 107 Lens Opposite Lens Vulnerable: Invulnerable: Help-seeking: Help-avoidant: Under-control: Over-control: Worksheet 7-11 My Reﬂections Changing the Prescription of Your Life-Lenses After you complete the exercises in the preceding sections, you should know which life- lenses cause you problems. It would be nice if you could toss the old lenses in the trash or throw them on the ground and stomp on them. But these lenses consist of almost shatterproof material — after all, they’re cast from the emotional turmoil of childhood (see “The origins of life- lenses”). You may ﬁnd the task of changing your life-lenses more challenging than you expected. Even if you put a lot of time and work into it, when you’re tired or stressed, you may ﬁnd yourself looking through your outdated prescription. Your goal is simply to use the new lenses more often than the old ones (until you can’t even ﬁnd the old ones). Distinguishing the past from the present Life-lenses develop from emotionally signiﬁcant events in childhood, and they make sense when viewed in conjunction with those events. Your world has no doubt changed a great deal over the years, but you probably still look through many of the same old lenses. As a kid, she was harshly criticized when she wasn’t perfect, so the lens helped her avoid some of that criticism. But today, as an adult, her perfectionistic life-lens causes her anxiety, stress, and even depression when she fails. Hannah completes the Then and Now Exercise in Worksheet 7-12 in order to help her under- stand how her past experiences cause her to overreact to current triggers. Worksheet 7-12 Hannah’s Then and Now Exercise Problematic Life-Lens Childhood Image(s) Current Triggers Perfectionistic: My mother would scream If I get a snag or a run in I feel like I must do at me if I got my clothes my hose, I freak. My father was never I can’t stand being satisﬁed with anything but evaluated at work. Both of my parents always I judge everything talked about other people I do — my hair, my critically. Tragically, one beautiful fall day a highly disturbed classmate brought a gun to school and shot three students. Subsequently, Adam suffered from nightmares, experienced intrusive images of the event, and was easily startled. His vulnerable life-lens is activated by events only superﬁcially similar to the original trauma. Adam completes the Then and Now Exercise in Worksheet 7-13 in order to help him understand how his past experiences contribute to his current responses. Chapter 7: Correcting Your Life-Lenses: A New Vision 109 Worksheet 7-13 Adam’s Then and Now Exercise Problematic Life-Lens Childhood Image(s) Current Triggers Vulnerable: I’m The image of a gun When someone suddenly scared. The pointing at me is burned cuts me off in trafﬁc, I feel world feels very deeply into my brain. Take some time to ﬁll out the Then and Now Exercise (see Worksheet 7-14) for each problematic life-lens that you identiﬁed in Worksheet 7-1 earlier in this chap- ter. Whenever one of your problematic life-lenses is activated, refer back to this form in order to remind yourself that your feelings and reactions today have more to do with yesteryear than with your current reality. In the left-hand column, write down one of the problematic life-lenses that you rated as 3 or above on your Problematic Life-Lens Questionnaire (see Worksheet 7-1). Also include a brief deﬁnition of the life-lens based on your reﬂections from Worksheet 7-2. Reﬂect on your childhood and, in the middle column, record any memories or images that probably had something to do with the development of your life-lens.
Being able to identify the expressed feeling and the underlying core feeling provides additional clarity and freedom buy generic isoptin 240mg. Helping Your Inner Child Understand the Meaning of Its Own Belief System Remember that you are using the technique of inner-child dialoguing to get to the heart of your stress-reactions purchase 240mg isoptin fast delivery. Your inner child is frequently in a panic about something you have done or something that has happened to you. It communicates with you as though everything that happens is a big catastrophe, as if something is the worst, most horrible thing that could have happened. It’s very tempting to accept the inner child’s panic as legitimate but if you want to de-stress, you’ll have to dig deeper. In the next part of the process, you’ll continue the inner-child dialogue and explore the specifics of the inner child’s understanding of its own belief system. When the inner child makes a comment such as how terrible or scary something is, you can use this as an opportunity to ask the inner child, for the first time, to really begin to explain, or examine, what it understands about its own belief system. In Larry’s inner-child dialogues, his inner voice was frequently fretting and saying, “This is terrible. Dialogue: A Friendly Chat with Your Inner Child • 177 His inner voice answered: Oh no this is really bad. Your own inner child may not be able to answer why something is so catastrophic until you examine the specifics of the inner child’s beliefs in a given circumstance. If the child seems to hold a belief about money, for example, you’d begin to target your questions to explore that belief. If your inner child was commenting that it was unlovable, or that you should have done something, or shouldn’t have done something, then you would directly question those beliefs. Larry’s inner child held the belief that it learned from his parents that it was not good to spend money and one should save money. However, since the inner child unconditionally takes on the general belief systems of its caregivers without the knowledge or insight to really understand what any of the beliefs really mean, it struggles to respond to direct questions. It’s quite interesting to ask the child specific questions about its belief system and see that system begin to collapse like a house of cards. It borrowed the belief system of your parents 178 • Mindfulness Medication or caregivers when you were very young because it had to, to feel safe and loved. As you start to question your own beliefs via inner- child dialogue, they won’t have as much power to make you panic and worry. A common inner-child belief is that the child needs to be perfect and accepted by its caregivers to feel safe, lovable and worthy. Any perceived act that doesn’t follow what the caregivers want is viewed as dangerous to the child. Larry asked his inner child: What does it mean to you to be safe, lovable or worthy? The voice responded: I feel safe when I am not scared of what mom or dad will do if I don’t do everything they want from me. You can see that feeling safe, loveable and worthy is dependent on the parents’ approval of what the child has done. Your inner child is constantly on the alert for threats to your belief system in its efforts to keep you safe, but does it really make sense that you have to be perfect and accepted by everyone in order to feel good about yourself? Exploring the Validity of the Belief System The inner child holds beliefs that it feels to be true. However, you now have the ability to 178 Dialogue: A Friendly Chat with Your Inner Child • 179 bring your adult consciousness to the child’s belief system. You now have the skills to examine whether that belief system is true or not and reflect this back to your inner child. You can use the following questions to begin a targeted dialogue that will question whether beliefs that you have held for a lifetime are true, realistic and ultimately valuable to you or not. To explore whether these core beliefs are true, you began by asking some targeted questions about what the beliefs were and what they meant. Now you will begin to question whether these beliefs are really true using your inner child’s own choice of words. For example, when Larry’s inner child was saying that buying the suit was “terrible”, Larry asked, “Is it terrible? The next question to ask your inner child, after addressing how bad the situation, action or occurrence actually is, is simply, “Are you safe? Larry asked his inner child: Is she here right now to punish you, not talk to you or be mean to you? Examining the validity of the belief that the inner child is not safe, loveable or worthy is the most difficult process. The child only feels loved based on how well it’s following the belief system of the caregiver in any given moment. Take a look at how Larry handled examining the truth behind his inner child’s beliefs. As the child sees that the beliefs it holds are not valid, not real, there can be some loosening of these strongly held beliefs.
Seeing How Anxiety Differs from Other Disorders Anxious symptoms sometimes travel with other company generic isoptin 240 mg with visa. In fact cheap isoptin 40 mg on-line, about half of those with anxiety disorders develop depression, especially if their anxiety goes untreated. Recognizing the difference between anxiety and other emotional problems is important because the treatments differ somewhat. You believe your ideas are unusually important and need little sleep for days at a time. You may invest 36 Part I: Detecting and Exposing Anxiety in risky schemes, shop recklessly, engage in sexual escapades, or lose your good judgment in other ways. You may start working frantically on important projects or find ideas streaming through your mind. For example, some people hear voices talking to them or see shadowy figures when no one is around. Other delusions involve grandiose, exaggerated beliefs, such as thinking you’re Jesus Christ or that you have a special mission to save the world. If you think you hear the phone ringing when you’re drying your hair or in the shower, only to discover that it wasn’t, you’re not psychotic. Psychosis becomes a concern only when these perceptions seriously depart from reality. The symptoms of drug or alcohol withdrawal include tremors, disrupted sleep, sweating, increased heartbeat, agitation, and tension. However, if these symptoms only come on in response to a recent cessation of substance use, they don’t constitute an anxiety disorder. Those with anxiety disorders sometimes abuse substances in a misguided attempt to control their anxiety. If you think you have an anxiety disorder, be very careful about your use of drugs or alcohol. Chapter 3 Sorting Through the Brain and Biology In This Chapter ▶ Looking at the anxious brain ▶ Exploring what anxiety does to the body ▶ Uncovering anxiety imposters ost people with anxiety describe uncomfortable physical symptoms Mthat go along with their worries. They may experience heart palpita- tions, nausea, dizziness, sweats, or muscle tension. Those symptoms are evi- dence that anxiety is truly a disorder of both the mind and the body. In this chapter, we review some of the biological roots of anxiety, as well as the consequences of chronic stress on health. Then we tell you about medi- cations or food that can actually make you feel anxious. Examining the Anxious Brain The brain takes in information about the world through sight, taste, smell, sound, and touch. Constantly scanning the world for meaning, the brain inte- grates information from the past with the present and plans what actions to take. Some of these structures are partic- ularly involved in producing feelings of anxiety, fear, and stress. These brain structures communicate with one another by sending chemical messengers, known as neurotransmitters, back and forth among them. Seeing how the brain’s circuits are connected Think of the brain as having many interconnected circuits. The limbic system (particu- larly the amygdala) registers danger and threats and gives rise to reflexive fear responses. For example, the limbic system could set off alarms reflex- ively upon seeing a snake. However, the frontal lobes may signal the system to calm down as it processes the fact that the snake is in a glass cage. In anxiety disorders, either the limbic system or the frontal lobes (or both) may fail to function properly. Thus, the limbic system may trigger fear responses too easily and too often, or the frontal lobes may fail to use logic to quell the fears set off by the limbic system. Communicating chemicals Neurotransmitters help nerve cells communicate feelings, fears, emotions, thoughts, and actions through an intricate orchestration. Four major neu- rotransmitter systems and some of their functions include ✓ The noradrenergic system, which produces norepinephrine and epinephrine. It also stimulates organs required in the fight-or-flight response (see the following section). Dopamine disruptions cause problems with attention, motivation, and alertness, and appear to be quite important in the development of fear responses. As these neurotransmitters pulse through your brain, the brain circuitry involved in fear and anxiety lights up. Your body then responds with a full- system alert known as the fight-or-flight response.
In premature infants 40 mg isoptin with visa, the multiplex- assay approach is attractive because these patients are often treated with several antimicrobials concomitantly isoptin 120 mg low price. More importantly, in the setting of clinical trials where each infant receives a different antimicrobial agent, a single multiplex assay increases trial efficiency by measuring drug concentrations of all agents without the need to develop and validate multiple individual assays specific for each drug. Preparation of standards Individual clear stock solutions of ampicillin, piperacillin, tazobactam, meropenem, acyclovir, and metronidazole were prepared at the following concentrations: ampicillin, piperacillin, and tazobactam 15 mg/mL, meropenem and acyclovir 5 mg/mL, and metronidazole 2. Blood samples at pre-specified time points were collected and kept on ice after collection for a maximum of 15 minutes. Plasma samples were transferred to a −80° C temperature- monitored freezer for storage until analysis. Prior to extraction, all plasma samples were brought to room temperature and then gently mixed. The extraction procedure On the day of analysis, 200 μL of chilled (left in the refrigerator for 20 minutes) internal standard was placed into a 2. The o solutions were vortex-mixed for 15 minutes and centrifuged at 15,600 g at 4 C for 10 minutes. Tazobactam was analyzed in negative mode during a separate injection run from the same glass insert. Dicloxicillin was used as internal standard for both positive and negative analyses. The chromatographic separation of analytes was performed with gradient elution of increasing mobile phase B (0% hold until 0. Ionspray voltage and turbo heater temperature o were kept at 2500 V (-2000 V for tazobactam) and 500 C, respectively. Compound-specific 14 instrument parameters were optimized for each transition (Table 1. Linearity, limit of quantification, and limit of detection Linearity was assessed using 5 calibration curves analyzed on separate days. For validation, each point on the calibration curve was run in duplicate (2 separate extractions), and the curves were constructed by calculating the peak area ratios of each compound to the internal standard and plotting these against the nominal concentration of the sample. The calibration curve with the best accuracy and precision throughout the curve range was considered the best fit. Quadratic regression of the ratio of compound to internal standard concentration (x) versus peak area ratio of compound to internal standard (y) using a 1/(x) weighting scheme was used for calculations because it provided the best fit to the data. The following compound concentrations were tested: 18,000 ng/mL for ampicillin, piperacillin, and tazobactam; 6,000 ng/mL for meropenem and acyclovir; and 3,000 ng/mL for metronidazole. Calculated concentrations for each extracted lot were compared to theoretical concentrations. Dilutions (1:1, 1:3, and 1:9 ratios) of a highly concentrated solution (300,000 ng/mL for ampicillin, piperacillin, and tazobactam; 100,000 ng/mL for meropenem and acyclovir; and 50,000 ng/mL for metronidazole) were performed with human plasma. Stability To test stability, samples were left at room temperature for 24 hours prior to extraction. Stability during sample handling was also verified by subjecting samples to either 3 freeze-thaw cycles or storage for 24 hours in the refrigerator at 4° C prior to extraction. Results Linearity The calibration curve was calculated using peak area ratio values at 7 standard concentrations. Matrix effect The percent difference from theoretical concentrations for all analytes was less than 15%, except for acyclovir (21% difference, lot #1) and meropenem (26% difference, lot #3) (Table 1. Therefore, the extraction method was suitable for all analytes spiked in these matrices, except for the lots mentioned above. Accuracy, precision, and recovery The results of the accuracy and precision experiments at 4 different quality control levels are shown in Table 1. Overall, results indicate that the method was accurate and precise for each compound. In addition, concentration measurements of partially diluted samples were accurate and precise across all dilution ratios. The absolute recovery of all compounds at all concentrations was greater than 75% (Table 1. Stability Overall, each compound was stable under most tested conditions, with a few exceptions. After 24 hours at room temperature, all compound concentrations were within 15% of nominal, with the exception of tazobactam (82% of nominal), piperacillin (75%), and 18 meropenem (84%). In 3 freeze-thaw cycles, on average all compound concentrations were within 10% of nominal. All compounds were stable when left in the autosampler for 24 hours at 8° C (within 12% of o nominal concentration), and all compounds were stable when left in the refrigerator (4 C) for 24 hours, being within 13% of the nominal concentration. In addition, after 1 month of o storage at <70 C, all compounds were within 15% of controls. Analysis of patient samples We evaluated the applicability of the described method by analyzing sparse plasma samples collected from premature infants (<32 weeks gestational age at birth, N=8) given multiple intravenous doses of piperacillin-tazobactam (Table 1.
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